Documents: 33, displayed: 1 - 20

Sub-project: Fragmenta Bongarsiana

Start: March 2018

Status: In progress

Financed by: Burgerbibliothek Bern, swissuniversities, SNF

Description: Together with the Burgerbibliothek Bern, we have facilitated the digitization of approximately 150 fragments of parchment. Most of these are from the collection of Jacques Bongars (1554-1612), who had a philological interest in rare texts, as did Pierre Pithou (1539-1596) and especially Pierre Daniel (1530-1603), with whom Bongars was closely associated. Jacques Bongars and Pierre Daniel are among the earliest scholars to have shown an interest in fragments. The Bernese fragment collection is unique because it contains not only manuscript waste, but also a large number of manuscripts that have been transmitted in incomplete form, for example, with only a single quire or a part thereof to have survived. In the course of making these texts accessible through e-codices, many fragments were identified for the first time. Most of these were known texts or authors, but some spectacular new discoveries were made of previously unknown texts on biblical exegesis from the Carolingian epoch. In the coming years, the collection will be published in parallel in e-codices and in Fragmentarium.

All Libraries and Collections

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[sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 5 (Biblia latina)
Parchment · 18 ff. · 15.5-46 x 10.5-33.5 · France: Tours · early 9th century
Biblia latina

Remnants of an Alcuin's Bible, written in Tours in the early 9th century; from the Dominican Monastery of Bern; around 1495 the remnants were used as pastedowns for various incunables by the bookbinder Johannes Vatter. After the secularization of the monastery in 1528, the host volumes by various paths reached the Municipal Library of Bern and various libraries in Solothurn. Around 1945, the fragments BBB Cod. 756.59 (1 leaf), Cod. 756.70 (8 leaves and 1 strip) as well as Cod. 756.71 (2 leaves) were removed from the host volumes by Johannes Lindt; today they can be found in the Burgerbibliothek Bern (BBB). Also in situ, i.e., in incunables from the University Library Bern (MUE), is a further leaf (MUE Inc. I.20) or smaller fragments (MUE Inc. IV.77). In addition, the Central Library of Solothurn holds: Cod. S 458 (pastedowns) as well as S II 151 (detached fragments). (mit/hol)

Online Since: 12/12/2019

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 722.1
Parchment · 6 ff. · 21 x 13.5 cm · Bavaria or Austria · 2nd half of the 12th century / 1st half of the 13th century
Glossary of plants, Summarium Heinrici (fragment)

Remnants of a manuscript of the Summarium Heinrici as well as of the glossary of plants appended thereto, with interlinear glosses in German. Prior to 1875, Hermann Hagen detached them from three book bindings from the Stadtbibliothek of Bern. Other parts are located in the Zentralbibliothek of Zurich and the Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek of Bonn. (mit/san)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 722.2
Parchment · 1 f. · 28 x 18 cm · Germany? · 11th century
Solinus, Gaius Julius: Collectanea rerum memorabilium (fragment)

Folium from a manuscript of the Collectanea rerum memorabilium by Gaius Julius Solinus; it contains parts of the Descriptio Indiae. Prior to 1875, Hermann Hagen detached it from a host volume from the Stadtbibliothek of Bern. (mit/san)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 722.3
Parchment · 2 ff. · 21.5 x 17.5 cm · Fulda · second quarter of the 9th century
Cetius Faventinus: Artis architectonicae privatis usibus adbreviatus liber (fragment)

Fragment of a manuscript that originated in Fulda around the second quarter of the 9th century, containing Cetius Faventinus’ (late 3rd/early 4th century) extracts from Vitruvius’ De Architectura. It cannot be determined when the codex left Fulda. Two Fulda library catalogs from the beginning and the middle of the 16th century still list a Faventinus manuscript. (stb)

Online Since: 09/23/2014

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 722.4
Parchment · 2 ff. · 19 x 17.5 cm · Germany? · 12th / 13th century
Constantinus Africanus: Viaticus (fragment)

Bifolium from a manuscript of the Viaticus by Constantinus Africanus, from a handbook for traveling doctors, translated from Arabic. Prior to 1875, Hermann Hagen detached it from a host volume from the Stadtbibliothek of Bern. (mit/san)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 756.40
Parchment · 2 ff. · 19 x 14.5 / 18 x 13.5 cm · Southern Germany · end of the 13th / 14th century
Wolfram von Eschenbach: Willehalm

Remnants of a manuscript of the Willehalm by Wolfram von Eschenbach. In August 1928, Hans Bloesch detached it from codex Mss.h.h.XIV.144. (mit/san)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 756.59
Parchment · 1 f. · 46 x 32 cm · France, Tours · early 9th century
Biblia latina: Vulgata, recensio Alcuini (fragment)

Remnants of an Alcuin's Bible from the Dominican Monastery of Bern, which were used around 1495 by the bookbinder Johannes Vatter as pastedowns for various incunables that are currently held in Bern and Solothurn. After the secularization of the monastery in 1528, the host volume (MUE Inc I 85) became the property of Eberhard Rümlang (ca. 1500–1551) and Wolfgang Musculus (= Müslin, 1497–1563), who donated the volume to the Bern library in 1556. Around 1945, the fragments were removed from the host volumes by Johannes Lindt. Reunification of the fragments : [sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 5 (Biblia latina). (mit)

Online Since: 12/12/2019

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 756.64
Parchment · 4 ff. · 24.5-26.5 x 19.5-21 cm · 2nd half of the 9th century / 1st half of the 10th century
Priscian: Institutiones grammaticae (fragment)

Fragment of a manuscript of the Institutiones grammaticae by Priscian, probably from the South of Germany; 10 more leaves from this manuscript can be found in Paris BN lat. 10403. f. 615. These four single leaves, inserted into a printed version owned by Jacques Bongars, came to Bern in 1632, where they were detached from their host volume in the 20th century. (mit/san)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 756.66
Parchment · 3 ff. · 17.5 x 26.5; 19 x 38; 17 x 14.5 cm · 1538-1569
Manuscript waste from Cod. 120

These three documents are from the previous binding of Cod. 120 (now 120-1 and 120-2), from which they were removed during restoration. They are two documents from the imperial court of the tribunal of the Counts of Sulz in Rottweil (no. 1 and 3) and a fragment of a bill of sale issued in Strasbourg. (mit)

Online Since: 03/22/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 756.70
Parchment · 9 ff. · 33-34 x 25.5-26.5 cm · France: Tours · early 9th century
Biblia latina: Vulgata, recensio Alcuini (fragment)

Remnants of an Alcuin's Bible from the Dominican Monastery of Bern, which were used around 1495 by the bookbinder Johannes Vatter as pastedowns for various incunables that are currently held in Bern and Solothurn. After the secularization of the monastery in 1528, the host volumes (MUE Inc. III.15, Vol. 3–4; the strip of Cod. 756.70e is from MUE Inc. I.6), perhaps as part of a bequest of books by the Venner [standard bearer] Jürg Schöni in 1534, became part of the Bern library. Around 1945, the fragments were removed from the host volumes by Johannes Lindt. Reunification of the fragments: [sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 5 (Biblia latina). (mit)

Online Since: 12/12/2019

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 756.71
Parchment · 2 ff. · 26.5 x 33.5/31.5 cm · France, Tours · early 9th century
Biblia latina: Vulgata, recensio Alcuini (fragment)

Remnants of an Alcuin's Bible from the Dominican Monastery of Bern, which were used around 1495 by the bookbinder Johannes Vatter as pastedowns for various incunables that are currently held in Bern and Solothurn. After the secularization of the monastery in 1528, the host volume (MUE Inc. III.15, Vol. 1) perhaps as part of a bequest of books by the Venner [standard bearer] Jürg Schöni in 1534, became part of the Bern library. Around 1945, the fragments were removed from the host volumes by Johannes Lindt. Reunification of the fragments: [sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 5 (Biblia latina). (mit)

Online Since: 12/12/2019

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 756.72
Parchment · 1 f. · 13 x 31 cm · 1580-1590
French notarial document (manuscript waste as binding of Cod. 172)

This fragment was removed from Cod. 172‬‬ during the restoration of the previous binding; presumably it originated in the legal office of Pierre Daniels in Orléans, as attested by the fact that his name is on the document. (mit)

Online Since: 12/17/2015

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 756.78
Parchment · 2 ff. · 26 x 13 cm · Southern Germany · beginning of the 14th century
Ulrich von dem Türlin: Arabel (fragment)

Remnants of a manuscript of the Arabel by Ulrich von dem Türlin, which constitutes the backstory to the Willehalm by Wolfram von Eschenbach. Purchased by the Burgerbibliothek in 1937 from Hans Peter Kraus, antiquarian book dealer in Vienna. (mit/san)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 756.84
Parchment · 2 ff. · 37 x 24.5 cm; 34.5 x 25 cm · 15th century
Plenarium (Fragment)

The two fragments come from the previous binding of Cod. 125‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬, from which they were removed during restoration; presumably they contain parts of a plenarium with musical notation. (mit)

Online Since: 06/23/2016

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. A 91.2
Parchment · 9 ff. · 20 x 14 cm · France: probably in the area of Reims-Laon-Soissons · 1st half of the 10th century and 3rd third of the 9th century (f. 5)
Augustinus: Retractationes; Texts on the exegesis of the Gospels; Opus incertum de virtutibus et vitiis (fragment)

This quire of 8 leaves probably originated in the circle of John Scotus (in the area of Reims-Laon-Soissons). It contains a fragment of Augustine’s Retractationes and, after that, some previously unknown exegetical texts on the Gospels. A leaf (f. 5) that is several decades older was inserted into the quire, possibly from the model used for this text; it contains another unknown text on the virtues and vices. This fragment came to Bern in 1632 as part of the bequest of Jacques Bongars. (mit)

Online Since: 06/13/2019

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. A 94.4
Parchment · 8 ff. · 31.5-32 x 21-21.5 cm · France: area of Orléans · 1st quarter of the 9th century
Commentarius in Psalmos; Commentarius in Proverbia Salomonis (fragment)

This fragment consists of 8 leaves from a large-format manuscript that has long been associated with Theodulf of Orléans. It is actually a quire from Theodulf’s composite manuscript of biblical exegesis, which had until now been thought lost; its remaining parts are contained in MS Paris, BN lat. 15679. The quire, now bound, contains the end of the commentary on the Psalms as well as the beginning of the commentary on the Proverbia Salomonis. Thanks to a partially erased note of ownership, it can be demonstrated that this fragment once was the property of the Abbey of Saint-Mesmin, Micy; in 1632 it came to Bern as part of the bequest of Jacques Bongars. (mit)

Online Since: 06/13/2019

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. A 95.1
Paper · 4 ff. · 27.5 x 20 cm · France · 1370-1380
Fragment of a chansonnier: Trouvère c

Fragment of a 14th century French Trouvère manuscript. It contains 18 jeux-partis (17 with the participation of Jehan Bretel) and a fragment of the Prise amoureuse by Jean Acart de Hesdin; all chansons except for one are attested in the parallel version. The songs have been transmitted without notation. (mit/hop)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. A 95.2
Parchment · 38 ff. · 14-14.5 x 10-10.5 cm · Northern France or Flanders · beginning of the 14th century (around 1314–1316)
Lanfrancus Mediolanensis: Surgery

Fragment of a contemporaneous French translation of the Chirurgia parva by Lanfranc of Milan. This small-format booklet is incomplete; it presents the oldest remaining witness of the work; the other four surviving manuscripts all date from the 15th century. Based on a text comparison with the Latin version, one must probably assume the loss of a quire at the front as well as at the back. (mit)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. A 95.3
Parchment · 4 ff. · 15.5 x 11.5 cm · France · 14th century
Tractatus de peccatis; Poème pieux (fragment)

The Latin part of this fragment (f. 1r3r) contains a collection of excerpts from various authors regarding sins and penance, morals, etc. The French part (f. 3v4v) contains one or two poem(s) in verse, which seem to have survived only in this fragment. (mit)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

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Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. A 95.4
Parchment · 13 ff. · 14 x 10 cm · France · 2nd half of the 13th century
Maurice de Sully: sermons (fragment)

Fragment of a small-format manuscript with sermons by Maurice de Sully. It contains sermons 27–36, however, the quires are arranged incorrectly: the text of quire 2 (f. 913) is followed by the text of quire 1 (f. 18). (mit)

Online Since: 06/14/2018

Documents: 33, displayed: 1 - 20